Sumerianz Journal of Economics and Finance

Online ISSN: 2617-6947
Print ISSN: 2617-7641


Volume 3 Issue 7 (2020)

Monetary Policy Transmission Paths and Money Supply in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Nigeria and Ghana

Authors : Ugwuanyi Georgina Obinne ; Efanga Udeme Okon ; Okanya Ogochukwu Chinelo
The main objective of this study gears towards evaluating monetary policy transmission paths and money supply in Sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Nigeria and Ghana from1981- 2018. The Central Bank of Nigeria, Bank of Ghana and World Bank, World Development Indicator of 2018 furnished us with the data used for analysis. This study explored three different monetary policy transmission channels: interest rate, credit and asset pricing transmission channels and these variables were regressed on money supply in both countries using Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Model estimation technique. The study also employed other diagnostic tests such as: Normality, Auto correlation test, Heteroskedasticity test and Breusch-Godfrey Serial Correlation LM test and they confirmed the validity and reliability of the model employed. The inferential results revealed that credit to private sector transmission channels in both Nigeria and Ghana had positive and significant impact on money supply but lending rate transmission paths in the two countries impacted insignificantly on money supply. This study concludes that monetary policy transmission channels in Nigeria were more robust in impacting on money supply than in Ghana. As such, the study recommends that monetary authorities of both countries need to formulate stringent monetary policies that will reduce the circulation of money outside the financial systems and there should be a synergy between monetary and fiscal policies in both economies so as to aid the instruments of macroeconomic policies achieve their objectives.

Pages: 90-106

Cashless Policy and Economic Growth: The Nigeria Perspective

Authors : Joseph Ugochukwu Madugba (PhD)
This study examined the impact of cashless policy on economic growth in Nigeria with the objective of finding out the effect of ATM, POS, RET and WEB on Real Gross Domestic Product in Nigeria. The study employed the ex-post facto and secondary date covering the period 2008 to 2018 gotten from CBN Statistical Bulletin was used for analysis with help of E-view 9 soft ware. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression of least square regression were carried out. This finding of the study showed that ATM, RET and WEB has no significant impact on real gross domestic product while POS was shown to be a significant determinant of real gross domestic product and  the study concluded that cashless policy does not impact positively and significantly on economic growth in Nigeria. The study recommended that regulatory authorities should by way of constant supervision enforce implementation of cashless policy and the general public should be encouraged to embrace cashless policy by engaging the various channels in their day to day business transactions.

Pages: 85-89