Sumerianz Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary

    
Online ISSN: 2617-3077
Print ISSN: 2617-3131

Archive

Volume 3 Issue 9 (2020)

Effects of UV Radiation on Egg Hatching Population Growth and Reproductive Parameters of Indianmeal Moth Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

Authors :
Akram Bakhshi ; Ali Asghar Talebi ; Yaghoub Fathipour ; Ali Mirshekar
DOI : doi.org/10.47752/sjav.39.130.142
Abstract:
In this research, three age groups of Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) eggs (1-, 2- and 3-day-old eggs) were exposed to ultraviolet irradiation (UVC) with 254nm wavelength for 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 32 and 40 minutes, under controlled conditions. The effect of UVC-irradiation on reproduction and population growth parameters investigated for eggs irradiated for 0.5, 1 and 1.5 minutes. The percentage of egg hatching decreased with increase in UVC exposure time, while for each exposure time, the older eggs were more sensitive than the younger ones. The results indicated that different exposure times of UVC-irradiation could affect the reproduction and population growth parameters. The highest value of net fertility rates was observed in 1, 2 and 3-day-old eggs which were treated with 0.5 min exposure. Both the intrinsic rate of increase (rm) and the net reproductive rate (R0) decreased with increasing exposure time from 0.5 to 1.5 min while the mean generation time (Tc) and doubling time (DT) increased within this irradiation range. The lowest amount of rm was obtained in 1, 2 and 3-day-old eggs which were treated with 1.5 min exposure time. The results showed that UVC-irradiation is an appropriate technique for controlling P. interpunctella.

Pages: 130-142

Protective Effect of Procambarus Clarkia Hemolymph against Acute Kidney Injury Induced by Gentamicin in Rats

Authors : Abdeljalil M`ohamed Al Shawoush ; Ayman Saber Mohamed ; Sohair Ramadan Fahmy
DOI : doi.org/10.47752/sjav.39.123.129
Abstract:
Background: P.clarkii hemolymph has several pharmacological activities against inflammation, bacteria and tumor. The current study aimed to explore the efficacy of P.clarkii hemolymph against the renal toxicity induced by Gentamicin (GM) in rats. Methods: The animals were divided randomly into three groups (six per group): control, GM and P.clarkii. Tissues toxicity was established after injection of GM daily for eight days at a dose 100 mg/kg. Kidney functions, liver functions, oxidative stress markers and histopathology of tissues were investigated in the study.  Results: P.clarkii treated rats showed a significant decrease in urea, creatinine, uric acid, ALT, AST, and MDA levels while GSH and CAT levels increased. The histology of kidney investigation showed partial restoration of renal architecture. Conclusion: The study results revealed the protective role of p.clarkii hemolymph against gentamicin-induced acute kidney injury in rats.

Pages: 123-129