Sumerianz Journal of Education, Linguistics and Literature

Online ISSN: 2617-1201
Print ISSN: 2617-1732

Quarterly Published (4 Issues Per Year)

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Volume 5 Issue 2 (2022)

Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on the Nigerian Girl-Child and Suggested Remedies

Authors : Agnes S. Ojile
This paper assessed the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the Nigerian girl-child and suggested remedies to the problem. The objectives of the paper were to assess the impact of COVID-19 on educational development of the girl-child, the relationship between COVID-19 and gender-based violence, as well as COVID-19 and protection rights of the child. The scope of the study covers the Nigerian society particularly northern Nigeria where girl-child education is predominantly low. The methodology of the study was based on quantitative approach and data were collected from secondary sources mainly journals articles, bulletins and magazine publications on COVID-19.  From the assessment, it was discovered that the major impact of COVID-19 on the Nigerian girl-child are basically in the areas of education, child protection, gender-based violence, health services and economic well-being. It was discovered that COVID-19 has led to the drop-out of the girl-child from school as well as a learning gap due to the lockdown and other strategies put in place curtail the spread of the disease. Schools were temporarily closed after which many students did not resumed after the schools were re-opened. From the fidnings of the study, it was therefore concluded that COVID-19 has negative consequences on girl-child education in Nigeria. The suggested remedies to the impact of COVD-19 on the girl-child include government looked into investing in alternate pathways to education. No one should be left behind. Structures should be put in place by all levels of government using tools like print, radio to ensure students are learning. There should be more community engagement in these areas since an online solution might not work for them because of poor internet connection and electricity. A support system should be created for them with the structures on ground already. Teachers and volunteers can have a well-organized way of engaging the children and the private sector helping to sponsor relevant infrastructure in order to bridge the gap.Corporate Social Organisations (CSOs) and Non-Governmental Organisations(NGOs) have to be engaged, to create a pool of volunteers that can engage students in an informal setting following the government’s social distancing guidelines to bridge the gap for these children.

Pages: 35-37

About the Concepts of "Travel", "Tourism Industry", "Terminology", "Tourism Terminology", and "Tourism Terminology System"

Authors : Le Thanh Ha
Language is a medium that plays an extremely important role in tourism. To meet the needs of tourism activities, and contribute to promoting the process of the integration of Vietnam’s tourism with world tourism, the development of the Vietnamese language in specialized fields is an urgent requirement. This paper clarified the concepts of “travel”, “tourism industry”, “terminology” and “tourism terminology” and which class (or subsystem) of terms the tourism terminology system included. As a result, we could understand the typical features of the terminology itself and propose some solutions to the terminology standardization.

Pages: 30-34

Translation and the Second Language Learner: Examining English Language Usage among Students of Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria

Authors : Uche Ken Chukwu ; Ebere. N. Onuoha ; Iruka. M. Duru ; Gloria. C. Iroagba
This paper examined, using students of Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria as case study, translation as a significant phenomenon in the Igbo language native speaker’s use of English as a second language. The purpose was to identify the manners of such translation, and the possible motivations. A total of two hundred and four (204) students admitted into the School of Health Technology of the University for the 2020/2021 academic year formed the sample population. The method of data collection was purposive as the authors paid particular attention to instances of direct translation as they manifested in the students’ discussions and interactions. The students were not subjected to any form of controlled environment, but rather, the authors as lecturers of the selected students engaged in direct observation of the students in their social interactions as well as formal class discussions. The items of expressions extracted as data were subjected to evaluation with the aim of identifying incidences and manner of direct translation from Igbo language structure to the English language structure, as well as their possible sources of motivation. Thus, the method of data analysis was qualitative. The paper adopted the theoretical approach of word-for-word translation or metaphrasing. The findings of the paper include that the affected students think in the source language (SL) before translating their thoughts into the target language (TL). What is experienced as TL structures follows from the SL structures that exist in the mental resources of the students. The paper, therefore, concludes that direct translation can be deceptive to the second language learner because it may not contain obvious instances of structural rule deficiency but can be faulted along functional lane, where it manifests instances of redundancy, and vocabulary deficiency.  Consequently, the authors recommend among others that the L2 teacher should extend his/ her teaching efforts towards identifying the possible motivation a student’s direct translation in order to guide him or her out of it, especially, the students who may need the language beyond its L2 environment, or beyond mere language of social expression.

Pages: 23-29