Sumerianz Journal of Education, Linguistics and Literature

Online ISSN: 2617-1201
Print ISSN: 2617-1732

Quarterly Published (4 Issues Per Year)

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Volume 3 Issue 12 (2020)

The Starving Sex: Psychoanalysis of Gendered Identity Crisis in the Gothic Novel

Authors : Mujtaba Al-Hilo ; Hayder Gebreen
This paper investigates the socio-historical context in which the Gothic novel appeared. It seeks to shed light on the psychological side of this debut. One of the problems of recent studies in this regard is that they tend to detach the appearance of the Gothic novel from the historical context that gave birth to this genre. This leads to inaccurate findings and conclusions because this genre rose out of necessity. It was a method of fighting back the suppressive social conditions from which females suffered. This study is necessary to reveal the oppressive context females endured, and how that patriarchal ideology was universally and rationally justified and eluded any possible questioning. This suppressive condition was deeply rooted in the unconscious of subjects. Gothic novel was a revolution against that prevailing ideology, socially, religiously, and intellectually. It was considered a form of atheism. In this regard, this paper seeks to question the validity of the appearance of this genre and the way it is justified. It also presents a host of findings that displays the necessity out of which this genre rose, with references to Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights and Mathew Lewis’ The Monk.

Pages: 277-281

Africans and the Power of Socio-Cultural Belief: To Break or to Keep the Status Quo? Analysis of Emmy Unuja Idegu’s the Legendary Inikpi

Authors : Maina Ouarodima Ph.D ; Ibrahim Oumarou
Every single society has its dos and don’ts, and African is not an exception. What is more, Africans are strongly attached to their socio-cultural beliefs. However, as time is dynamic, there is need toreflect on the context of situation to evaluate our tradition.Thus, The Legendary Inikpi, the play under discussion, does not only serve as a central source to enable the readers find outhow African societies hold on to their religious beliefs and practices as part of their cultural identities, but also serves as a media tool that calls Africans for a change of attitude. The author considershuman sacrifice as a murder.To redirect the mentality towards certain religious practices such as human sacrifice, Emmy Unuja is able to create a female character named Daughter whose role is to convince people for a change of mentality. If we want African societies to move forwards, it is high time people change their mentality for the better.

Pages: 270-276

Examining the Novelty, Interactivity and User-Friendly Attributes of Virtual Laboratory Package For Conducting Nigerian Secondary School Physics Experiments

Authors : Dr. Falode Oluwole Caleb ; Ojo Ranti Francis ; Fadipe Bayo Michael ; Omodara Oladele Dennis
The study assessed the novelty, interactivity and user-friendly attributes of a developed virtual laboratory package for conducting Nigerian secondary school physics experiments. Descriptive survey design was employed and answers were provided to three research questions. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 22 instructional design experts and 35 computer experts who examined and rated the package using adapted questionnaires that were validated and found reliable for data collection. Data gathered from the administration of the questionnaires were analyzed using Mean and Standard deviation. Findings revealed that computer experts agreed that learning through virtual laboratory is an innovation that is new to physics students and teachers in Nigerian secondary schools (average mean response = 2.61 out of 5), instructional design experts rated the interactivity features of the package low (average mean response = 2.32 out of 5), but agreed that the package possess user-friendly features (average mean response = 2.80 out of 5). Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that, developers of learning packages such as virtual physics laboratory package should ensure high interactivity and friendliness of the packages in order to improve students’ achievement, enhance effective communication and foster their interest in physics contents.

Pages: 265-269