Sumerianz Journal of Education, Linguistics and Literature

Online ISSN: 2617-1201
Print ISSN: 2617-1732

Quarterly Published (4 Issues Per Year)

Journal Website:


Volume 6 Issue 4 (2023)

Modular Learning Platform Implementation and Cognitive Skills Development of Senior High School Students

Authors : Lovelyn C. Llanillo ; Catherine D. Pauya ; Jenny Rose S. Villaflor ; Almark S. ; Felicity Florence B. Ruaya
The study was conducted in Tacurong National High School Barangay New Isabela, Tacurong City. The study used quantitative research to determine the details needed, using the survey questionnaire. The research design used in this study was descriptive statistics. Slovin’s formula determined the number of samples from the general population. This study utilized the random sampling technique by employing numerous straightforward cluster sampling approaches. On the other hand, the mean, standard deviation, frequency count, percentage distribution, and correlation were used to assess the study’s respondents’ responses. Based on the findings and conclusions of the study, the researchers present the following recommendations; in the level of implementation, the researchers found out that the school’s performance during the implementation of the modular learning platform was high as satisfactory, but it partly reflects the performance of the students. Thus, the curricularists must evaluate the integrated curricula and formulate a more effective aid of teaching using this study as the basis for better integration. The school must further focus on the student’s learning and come up with more effective strategies that will help the students to be more active and productive even with distance learning. Given that the cognitive skills development of the students was low as unsure, the researchers suggest that the Department of Education must focus on learner consultations for modular teaching approach-built confusion in identifying their learning capacities and this may result in low academic performance. Future researchers may further research large-scale and more specific studies aligned with this topic.

Pages: 86-92

Assimilation and Elision of Lateral and Nasal Sounds in English

Authors : Osman Alteyp Alwasila Alteyp
This research paper attempts to identify the following: first, the nature and circumstances under which the nasal sound /n/ changes to the lateral sound when /n/ is between /ɒ/ and /l/ in the word ‘online’ /ɒnlain/; second, why /ɒ/ is assimilated by /n/ in ‘only’ /ɒnli:/ and ‘online’ /ɒnlain/; third, what reasons lead to the delateralization of the sound /l/ after the sounds /ɔ:/ and /ɑː/ in the words ‘talk’ /tɔ:k/ and ‘calm’ /kɑːm/; and lastly, the proper definition of the process under which the sound /n/ and /l/ lose their distinctive features. The most important results are the following: the sound /n/ and /l/ lose their lateral and nasal features after the back vowel /ɒ/ in ‘online’ /ɒnlain/. Moreover, the English sound /l/ loses its feature after the sounds /ɔ:/ and /ɑː/ in the words ‘talk’ /tɔ:k/ and ‘calm’ /kɑːm/. Denasalization is a phonological process under which the sound /l/ loses its lateral feature.

Pages: 83-85

Between Hegemonic Masculinity and New Man-ism: The Shift from ‘Owning’ the Gaze to Being the ‘Object’ of the Gaze in the Representation of the Western Male in Men’s Health Magazine

Authors : Kholoud AlGhamdi
This essay discusses how the representation of the Western male has shifted from one of hegemonic masculinity to one of new man-ism by exploring the British edition of Men’s Health magazine (henceforth MH). Beginning with a brief definition of the key terms, the essay explores how such a change has occurred via cultural construction by borrowing a theoretical perspective from Judith Butler, of how all forms of identity are not ‘fixed’, but are rather discursively ‘produced’ by popular culture media: ‘There is no gender identity behind the expression of gender; that identity is performatively constituted by the very ‘‘expressions’’ that are said to be its results’ Butler (1988). After highlighting the relevant history of men’s liberation, the essay then discusses the conditions in which the representation of men has become fetishised in modern Britain by adopting MH as a case study. Such exploitative use of idealised depictions of men’s bodies in MH has resulted in men becoming the ‘object’ of the gaze rather than ‘owning’ the gaze. To clarify this sociologically, the essay begins by discussing the feminist movement’s rejection of the men’s patriarchal image and how men thereby began to embrace new man-ism. Next, it discusses two other causes of this shift to new man-ism: (i) economic changes, and (ii) the crisis of masculinity. My concern here is not to unquestioningly accept the concepts associated with these factors or their implications; rather, I discuss them as dynamic elements within the above-mentioned change in how men are represented by MH, which has led men to become the objects rather than the subjects of the gaze. However, despite the historical performativity-related changes to men and masculinity, no real changes to masculinity’s hegemonic and dominant characteristics appear to have occurred. No further detail is given on the content of MH (as this can be studied easily enough),  nor will I defend the ‘dumb’ excesses of some men’s titles to avoid a burlesque analysis. Instead, I discuss the most prominent themes in relation to men’s appearances and bodies to provide a better understanding of the shift from hegemonic masculinity to the New Man depicted in MH.

Pages: 77-82