Sumerianz Journal of Political Science and International Relations


Quarterly Published (4 Issues Per Year)

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Volume 1 Issue 1 (2020)

State of Women in Australian Local Government: Impediments and Recommendations

Authors : Fardaus Ara
This study attempts to explore the current status of women as elected representatives in Australian local government. In addition, it will try to identify the impediments to their participation as candidates and elected members. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted to understand these barriers in the context of wider socio-economic, political, and cultural contexts. This article shows that a number of political, institutional, historical, socio-economic and cultural factors act as barriers to their entry into politics.

Pages: 43-48

Patriarchy and Women’s Participation in Politics: A Comparative Study

Authors : Fardaus Ara
The gender gap in politics is a global phenomenon. Several socio-economic, political and cultural factors that are the direct or indirect result of patriarchal traditions are responsible for the exclusion of women in electoral politics. However, the patriarchal system is not directly noticeable in the government and politics of a country.  This paper tries to explore whether patriarchy inhibits the participation of women in electoral politics across all countries and cultures considering Australia and Bangladesh as two cases. It is argued that patriarchy has given men a superior and advantageous position in politics while creating barriers to the greater participation of women in electoral politics.

Pages: 35-42

Amnesty without Peace Building: Exploring Trends in Post Amnesty Violence in the Niger Delta

Authors : Vurasi S. Serebe ; Nekabari J. Nna
Modern amnesty progamme has consistently underestimated the depth of the problem of post conflict peace building particularly in fragile states. Contemporary theories of peace building bring this into perspective. From this perspective, the complexity of resolving intractable conflicts with multidimensional implications involving local, national and international actors remains ever daunting. In the context of an exponential rise in post amnesty violence in the Niger Delta, Nigeria in recent times, this article builds on multi-stakeholder theory and explores when and how peace building might be harnessed to improve social harmony, human rights and good governance. A  cross sectoral survey was conducted involving 594 respondents drawn from human rights groups(144), Non-combatants (160) and ex-combatants(290)across the Niger Delta. Further, a review of empirical and theoretical studies was conducted to examine features of the recent amnesty programme of the federal government of Nigeria and in particular, to provide evidence of post amnesty violence. Key findings show that amnesty has not fostered the much expected peace, on the contrary, there is post amnesty violence. The study raises the question of why amnesty failed to broker sustainable peace, which is a missing research agenda. It transcends the notion of amnesty to a more substantial argument on sustainable peace; the idea that, demobilization, disarmament and reintegration is not enough.  We argue that amnesty alone is insufficient. To be impactful, amnesty must be deemed relevant, in the sense of being salient and having the capacity to institutionalize sustainable peace among ex-combatants and incentivize post conflict livelihood as a sustainable drive in the peace process. We conclude that the inability of the amnesty programme to find effective strategies to institutionalize sustainable peace will result in persistent post amnesty violence. This interpretation is broadly supported by a number of literatures on post amnesty violence. We recommend broader lessons for policy and amnesty research, including multi stakeholders’ involvement   in sustainable peace building processes.

Pages: 25-34

Energy and Power: Connecting Africa Improving Security Financing Projects and Insuring Competitiveness

Authors : Sheriff Ghali Ibrahim ; Farouk Ibrahim Bibi-Farouk
The paper dwells on the issues of energy and power on the continent of Africa, it examines the critical process of how the continent can be connected with electricity, provide financial banking from financiers for the improvement of energy security and competitiveness. Using the secondary descriptive methodology, findings show that the sub-sahara Africa is still backward and far from continental connectivity. The paper concludes that Africa has enough resources to liquidate into connecting Africa with power and enough energy to convert into electricity. One obstacle that affects power accessibility, connectivity and distribution is absolute corruption, where leaders siphon money meant for national development through self-contracting and embezzlement of public fund. The paper recommends that African governments must declare power a continental emergency, which must be dealt with, financed and supported in all ramifications, to ensure boost in health sector, trade, investment, industry and other many ways that need power support. African governments must also attract huge investments in energy and power sector, with consideration in easing tariff and taxes on power related firms and investments, in order to make energy and power cheaper for the continent.

Pages: 16-24

Power of Icts in the Metanarrative of Migration Globalization and Trafficking: Are Digitals and Nation-States the Current Cyborgs of Internationalization?

Authors : Pr. Alfred Ndi
This paper drew from critical theory and creative works of art to assess the nation state and globalization contexts of migration and trafficking and came to the conclusion that there is an ambivalent relationship existing between the use of ICTs and nation state contexts. Migration and trafficking are not only constructed by economic but also by political, social, cultural and psychoanalytical factors. The paper argued that the factors have to be imputed into any ICT technologies to emerge with a cyborg model of combatting migration and trafficking. Nevertheless, there is no direct, mechanical relationship regulating the two spheres of cybernetic and human experience.

Pages: 1-15