Sumerianz Journal of Political Science and International Relations


Quarterly Published (4 Issues Per Year)

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Volume 1 Issue 2 (2020)

Democratic Governance and Poverty Reduction in the Niger Delta, Nigeria (1999 – 2015)

Authors : Prince Ikechukwu Igwe, PhD
This paper examines the impact of major poverty reduction policies in the Niger Delta during Nigeria’s democratic era (1999-2015). This is on the proposition that democratic regimes would, having derived their mandate from and being representative of the people, be responsive to the evident pressing problems in the society. The paper adopts the Marxian Political Economy theoretical framework, which underscores the class character of state policies as well as the importance of qualitative and historical analysis. The paper also generated critical primary data using a questionnaire based on sample size of 2,400 households in three states (Bayelsa, Edo and Rivers) out of the nine Niger Delta states that were selected, using random sampling. The main findings of the study show that Nigeria’s democracy has not significantly ameliorated poverty in the Niger Delta; and that democracy is a necessary but not sufficient condition for the reduction of poverty. The study therefore recommends a democratization that is more participatory, transparent, accountable and responsive. The poverty reduction strategies should be collaborative, multi-dimensional and cognizant of the socio-cultural and environmental features of the various regions.

Pages: 56-72

The Oversight Function of the Legislature as an Instrument of Accountability in the Rivers State Local Governemt System

Authors : Anthony Egobueze ; Dumnu Lekie Anthony
In democratic societies, the legislature is the watchdog over other organs of government and the society. It is one of the major instruments of entrenching accountability. Accountability at the Local Government level in Rivers State in particular and Nigeria at large has been a subject of debate because of the state of corruption noticed at that tier of governance. Adopting content analysis as its methodology, the study interrogates the role played by the Legislative Councils of Local Government in ensuring accountability and transparency in the Local Government system in Rivers State. The study observed weak institutions as a result of the overbearing influence of the State Government and corruption in local government administration and recommends institutional reforms as a panacea for good governance.

Pages: 49-55