Sumerianz Journal of Business Management and Marketing

Online ISSN: 2617-0175
Print ISSN: 2617-1724

Quarterly Published (4 Issues Per Year)

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Volume 4 Issue 3 (2021)

Do the Pandemic of COVID- 19 Affect Cosmetic Export of Thailand?

Authors : Sauwaluck Koojaroenprasit
The objective of this research was to find the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the cosmetic export of Thailand. The multiple linear regression was employed. The monthly data period of study was from January 2010 to March 2021. The result showed that exchange rate, inflation, GDP growth rate, average wage, real effective exchange rate, business sentimental index, and the pandemic of COVID-19 affected the cosmetic export of Thailand. The result showed that pandemic of COVID-19 had a negative effect on the value of cosmetic export. Therefore, the cosmetics industry must adapt to handle with that situation. Though people work less on the workplace and using more online platform for working the cosmetics still be one of the significant things to make people confidential for working in term of social media platform or online platform that they still need to communicate with others.

Pages: 115-121

Evaluating the Effect of 3D Printing Technologies on Innovation and Entrepreneurship: A Practical Case Study

Authors : Almaz Sandybayev
Higher Education Institutions (HEI’s) in many countries are drivers of innovative development economy. The innovative activity of HEI depends on both internal and external factors. Today, more and more emphasis is placed on innovative ecosystems, in which the HEI acts as one of the active actors in cooperation with business, government, public and private organizations. The research case study paper explores and compares the approaches development of regional innovation ecosystem of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the Higher Colleges of Technology (HCT) Innovation and Entrepreneurship Teaching initiative, as well as an assessment of its impact on the results of this particular innovation method at the HCT. The case study reveals on the topic of using and adapting 3D printing technologies in the field of education. 3D printing technologies can be applied to teach technological skills in different fields, including the field of education. They also contribute to the reorientation of attention from the digital or virtual environment to the real world, since the results of educational activities are not sketches and models, but real objects with given characteristics. 3D printing technologies are among the fastest growing and promising technologies. These technologies can significantly contribute to the introduction of new forms of organization of the educational process, increase motivation and the formation of the necessary competencies of learners, graduates and teaching faculties. The objective of this paper is to review the basic issues related to 3D printing technology initiative as a process of technological transition though integrating the technological innovation into the educational ecosystem and measuring its impact on students. The paper elaborates this practical showcase experience through a case study of ‘Al Ibtikar’ – Innovation and Entrepreneurship Club at HCT to provide empirical support for similar industrial and education players to better predict the innovation trajectory through 3D technologies in the future. In this way, the research presents a conceptual framework that provides a foundation for discussing 3D technology and discover a development prediction of 3D printing technology in the lens of using this practice in the educational process.

Pages: 105-114

Transformational Leadership and Work Engagement on Turnover Intention of Employees in the MNCs in Vietnam: The Moderating Role of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Size

Authors : Anantha Raj A. Arokiasamy ; Alice Tamah
Specifically, this research paper aims to provide a more detailed understanding of how transformational leadership can influence employee’s morale and attrition intentions, using the exploration of job satisfaction and organizational size as a moderator. The survey included 652 employees from sixteen MNCs operating in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Data was analyzed using AMOS software package version 24.0. The results have shown that transformational leadership has a positive impact on work engagement and work engagement has a mitigating effect on turnover. In addition, it suggests that job commitment influences the connection between transformational leadership and the employee’s desire to make a transition. This study’s result will benefit the managers who wish to reduce employee turnover by leveraging on the transformational leadership style of management. In larger organizational settings, empirical evidence supports this theory. Both theories were afforded empiric support. Discussions, conceptual and administrative consequences, shortcomings, and potential guidance are also presented.

Pages: 91-104

Infrastructural Developments in the Private Technical Educational Institutions

Authors : Neeraj Kumari
The study measures the effectiveness of infrastructure in private technical educational institutions. It is a descriptive research. A structured questionnaire has been used to collect the primary data. The sample size is 85 consisting of the faculty members of a well reputed institute in National Capital Region, Haryana, India. The sampling technique used is random probability sampling. The data analysis and interpretations has been carried out using Microsoft Excel (graphical representation) based on the frequency of responses, Correlation and Regression analysis techniques. The institute has a quality infrastructure as it is based on AICTE model to a large extent. The study concludes that the institute provides all the necessary and sufficient facilities to the faculty members like a well equipped and standardized communication cell, satisfactory recreational facilities, spacious & well furnished faculty / staff rooms, facilities for doing their academic work, well equipped library, hygienic toilets, spacious parking facility, while the institute’s Wi–Fi facility needs to be well channelized for the faculty members.

Pages: 85-90

Effect of Fertilizer Application and Interplanted Cassava on Growth and Yield of Plantain in Oil Palm Based System

Authors : Aondona O. ; Odedina J. N. ; Elemo K. A. ; Olasantan F. O. ; Adigbo S. O. ; Imogie A. E. ; Osayane P. E.
Due to the slow growth and long gestation period of oil palm farmers are often faced with challenges of weed control before oil palm canopy closure hence the need to introduce plantain as component crop with the oil palm. A two years trial was conducted in in Ovia North East LGA, Edo State, Nigeria (Latitude 6.636oN, 6.909oN and Longitude 6.182oE, 6.364oE) to evaluate the effect of NPKMg fertilizer and interplanted cassava on growth and yield of plantain in oil palm based system. The treatment consisted of NPKMg fertilizer as the main block treatment (with and without NPKMg fertilizer) and crop combinations [oil palm/plantain (OPP) and oil palm/plantain/cassava (OPPC)] as sub block treatments. The treatments were laid out in split block arrangement in RCBD replicated thrice. Data were collected on plantain plant height, number of leaves/pseudostem, leaf area index, number of suckers/pseudostem, number of days to 50% flowering of main psuedostem and first ratoon plants, number of days to first appearance of peeper sucker from main pseudostem, number of leaves at flowering from main pseudostem and first ratoon plants, finger weight (kg/bunch), finger circumference/finger (cm), finger length/finger (cm), number of fingers/bunch, biomass weight (t/ha), number of bunches/ha and bunch yield (t/ha). NPKMg fertilizer significantly increased (p<0.05) the growth and number of sucker produced. Plantain planted in OPP combination had taller plant and more number of suckers (first ratoon plant and second ratoon plant, respectively) relative to those in OPPC combination while plantain planted in OPPC combination lead to delayed appearance of peeper suckers, delayed fruiting of plantain and resulted to 18, 15.8, 1.6, 6, 8.3 and 12 % increase (p<0.05) in plantain bunch weight, finger weight, finger circumference, finger length,  number of fingers and biomass weight, respectively relative to those in oil palm/plantain (OPP) combination.

Pages: 74-84

The Effect of Profitability and Free Cash Flow on Capital Structure Moderated by Firm Size (Studyon Food and Beverage Sub-Sector Companies on the IDXin 2011-2018)

Authors : Vivi Septyaningsih ; Asep Risman
This study aims to analyze the effect of profitability and free cash flow on capital structure with firm size as a moderating variable. The population in this study is the food and beverage sub-sector company on the IDX in 2011-2018. The sample used was 9 companies, which were selected based on the purposive sampling method. The data analysis technique used is multiple linear regression analysis and residual test.The results showed that the profitability variable had no effect on capital structure. While the free cash flow variable has a positive and significant effect on capital structure. In the moderation test with the residual test approach, firm size does not moderate the relationship between profitability and free cash flow on the capital structure.

Pages: 64-73